文化遺産国際協力コンソーシアム Japan Consortium for International Cooperation in Cultural Heritage JCIC-Heritage logo JCIC-Heritage

Prambanan Temple Project

Prambanan Temple Project

Agency for Cultural Affairs,Ministry of Foreign Affairs,The Japan Foundation

Indonesia

Prambanan Temple

2006-2008 Project Planning Surveys
01/03/2009
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BACKGROUND

Earthquake-struck Ancient Capital of Yogyakarta

Central Java, and mainly the area around Indonesia’s ancient capital of Yogyakarta, is home to numerous stone structures, including two world heritage sites, the Borobudur and the Prambanan Temple Compound, in addition to the royal palace and traditional wooden buildings designed in the unique Javanese construction style. In the early morning hours on May 27, 2007, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake struck this region. The earthquake claimed many precious lives, and inflicted major damage on various cultural properties. Damage to Prambanan Temple was especially severe, and attracted worldwide attention and concern. Taking this situation seriously, the Indonesian government requested the Japanese government’s involvement in investigating the damage to cultural properties, and the Japanese government in turn called on the Japan Consortium for International Cooperation in Cultural Heritage (JCIC-Heritage), which had just been established, to create a project proposal.

                       A shrine of Prambanan Temple damaged in the Central Java Earthquake

ACTIVITIES

Dispatch of an Emergency Survey Team

JCIC-Heritage, mainly through its Southeast Asia Committee, contemplated and planned the dispatch of an emergency survey team to investigate the damage to cultural properties in Central Java, and sent the first such mission to Indonesia in July 2006 under the auspices of Japan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Agency for Cultural Affairs, and the Japan Foundation. The mission (headed by Satoshi Yamato, was arranged by the Japan Center for International Cooperation in Conservation of the National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Tokyo. Investigation by the mission revealed differing levels of damage—from extremely severe to minor damage—among the buildings of the Prambanan Temple Compound, and attributed the differences to a combination of various factors, such as the differences in past restoration methods, the characteristic tremors of each building, and ground properties. The team thus conveyed to the Indonesia side that further structural and geophysical engineering surveys need to be conducted before a full-scale conservation plan can be formulated.

Panoramic view of Prambanan Temple (Loro Jonggran)

Meeting of the Japanese and Indonesian survey teams

RESULTS

Successive Survey Teams and the Contribution to a Restoration Plan

Taking into consideration the findings of the first mission, a second mission was sent to Indonesia from February to March 2007, and a third, in October 2007. The missions were composed of experts from the National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Tokyo, Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Tsukuba University, Mie University, Cyber University, Nagoya Institute of Technology, and received cooperation from the Japanese Association for Conservation of Architectural Monuments. The team has compiled the results of activities conducted by the missions—surveys of the state of earthquake damage, surveys of documents on architectural history, ground surveys, structural surveys, and material tests—into a comprehensive restoration plan covering all 6 shrines of Prambanan Temple, and has presented the plan to the Indonesia side.

As of April 2008, the surveys and results thereof have been succeeded by Tsukuba University. The restoration plan is slated to be incorporated into the actual implementation of onsite restoration processes, in close consultation with Indonesian experts.

Damage rendered to the precious bas-relief adorning the shrines

         The Japanese government supplied scaffold materials that became scarce after the earthquake disaster

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