Heritage Category

What we call cultural heritage refers to things built up around the world by humans over long periods of time, including tangible items such as ruins and buildings as well as intangibles like techniques and arts. These are some of the major cultural heritage categories.


Structures like ruins, tombs, and buildings with high levels of historical value are called monuments. The World Heritage Convention defines monuments to include architectural works and monumental sculpture and painting. These are cultural heritage that symbolize their locales, and play an important role in enabling residents of their locales and inheritors of their culture to establish their own identities.

Group of Buildings

Cultural heritage also includes groups of traditional structures that have long histories. Recognizing cultural heritage as groups instead of just individual structures can help to support the preservation of the landscape in the relevant zone as well as the handing down of the culture that thrived there.

Archaeologiacal Sites

This refers to pottery and other works, structures, and groups thereof that serve as vestiges of the people who lived there in the past. Today we can get in touch with the lives that people lived within long history, in the form of ruins, and use them as materials for investigating their cultures.

Cultural Landscape

This refers to the human social and residential landscape built up from the blessings and limitations of the natural environment or through continued social, economic, and cultural activities.

Industrial Heritage

This refers to the vestiges of industries with deep roots in a specific locale, those that thrived and then disappeared over time, and those that had a marked impact on human society or lives. These arecultural heritage highly meaningful in looking back on the development of civilization in regions around the world.

Modern Architecture

These are contemporary buildings from modern times or later, included among outstanding works of architecture or urban planning. They refer to revolutionary buildings including new forms or ideas and to structures that have universal value from an aesthetic, functional, or technical perspective.

Intangible Heritage

This refers to intangible culture closely related to the history, culture, and living practices of the group that shared the relevant culture. Examples include oral tradition and expression, arts, social customs, ceremonies or festivals, knowledge and customs concerning nature or creation, and traditional craft techniques.


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